Sheep & Goat Health


Anthrax is a naturally occurring disease affecting deer, cattle, exotic livestock, horses, swine, dogs and humans. It is caused by Bacillus anthracis; a spore-forming bacteria. The bacteria can remain alive, but dormant in the soil for several years.

Anthrax is found worldwide, but in Texas, cases are most often confined to a triangular area bound by the towns of Uvalde, Ozona and Eagle Pass. This area includes portions of Crockett, Val Verde, Sutton, Edwards, Kinney and Maverick Counties.


Scrapie is a fatal disease that affects the central nervous system of sheep and goats. There is no cure or treatment for scrapie.

It is not completely understood how scrapie is passed from one animal to the next. Sheep and goats are typically infected as young lambs or kids, though adult sheep and goats can become infected.

The United States Department of Agriculture, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA-APHIS) announced new nationwide identification and recordkeeping requirements for sheep and goats on March 25, 2019. Click here to read more.