Rabbit Health

Rabbit Hemorrhagic Disease

Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus 2 (RHDV2) is a fatal, viral disease that affects both domestic and wild rabbits, including hares, jackrabbits and cottontails. It does not affect human health or other animal species.

The RHDV2 strain is a rare disease in the U.S. and was first identified on several islands in Washington State in July 2019. Since that time, it has been confirmed in both wild and domestic rabbits in New Mexico, Arizona, and Texas.

This highly contagious, foreign animal disease spreads between rabbits through contact with infected rabbits or carcasses, their meat or their fur, contaminated food or water, or materials coming in contact with them. RHDV2 can persist in the environment for a very long time. These factors make disease control efforts extremely challenging once it is in the wild rabbit populations.

Situational Updates

Note: The last confirmed case of RHDV2 in domestic rabbits in Texas was reported on April 9, 2021.